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MikeH  MikeH is offline
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Join Date: 03 Nov 2007
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MikeH 
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1809-1829


Part 4 of Timeline II, from preceding posts. 1809-1829.

1809.
Blocquel and Castiaux, in Lille, publish a booklet that has the standard “Petit Oracle des Dames” 42 images, in black and white, alternating with text, but they never use the term “Petit Oracles des Dames”. It is called Les songes expliqués et représentés par 74 figures. Du moyen de connâitre l'avenir par une nouvelle manière de tirer les cartes les cartes (Dreams explained and represented by 74 figures. How to know the future by a new manner of drawing the cards) But the 74 (on 42 pages) are never referred to in the text. For sample pages see http://www.tarotforum.net/showthread...=171379&page=4, top of the page. In one case, Prudence, the astrological sign on Etteilla’s card, which had dropped off the 1807 image, has returned in 1809, outside the border (http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-4FSsjsBAcq...manzia039.jpg; compare to http://a.trionfi.eu/WWPCM/decks05/d02462/d0246209.jpg). The booklet, 96 numbered pages, first has an explication of how to interpret dreams with the 33 cards of the Petit Etteilla, virtually the same as that in the current Grimaud Petit Etteilla booklet. Next comes the index of dream symbols, the same as in the Grimaud booklet, but with Imperial lottery numbers added (as it advertises on p. 15). Finally there is an essay on interpreting the cards of a piquet deck plus a blank; it is quite different from the Grimaud’s essay. For a brief discussion of the text see post 33 and several following on that page

c 1810. This is when DDD p. 144, date the “Nouvel Eteila, ou le Petit Necromancien” produced by publisher Robert. They cite in note 5 p. 282 Depaulis 1984, no. 133.. Depaulis now says 1820, for which see that entry. Uses eight of Etteilla’s tarot figures DDD say. Images are the same as in “1789 or later” entry for “Mme. Finet”.


1814.
Marie Anne Adelaide begins publishing under pen-name Mlle. M.A. LeNormand (http://books.google.com/books?id=0ds...page&q&f=false). These books recount clairvoyancy rather than a method to read cards, but did much to popularize fortune-telling, including with cards. Etteilla followers did not hesitate to associate themselves with her; the author of the 1838 book listed below, for example, is called “la Sibylle du faubourg Saint-Germain,” a Lenormand epithet (DDD p. 147).

1814.
Napoleon exiled to Elba, Louis XVII installed as King of France. Napoleon escapes in 1815. Defeated at Waterloo, he is exiled to St. Helena Island, dying there 1821.

c. 1815. Date Kaplan estimates (but also saying “early 19th century”) for a version of the Petit Oracles des Dames he has (Encyclopedia vol 1 p. 157), with 82 p. booklet. Images at http://www.tarotforum.net/showthread.php?p=3041148 . These are half-cards that have been cut and re-arranged.

1817. Feb., Gueffier jeune acquires the remaining few examples of the Book of Thoth, published by Etteilla, consisting of several volumes and a deck of 78 cards with symbolic figures (http://www.tarotforum.net/showpost.p...&postcount=320).
Quote:
Livre du Thot, a 4 in 1 volume.
Du Dictionnaire synonymique du livre de Thot (In a 1827 listing, Petieux has the rights to this).
Du Cours pratique da livre de Thot
Grand Jeu, consisting of 78 cards, with hieroglyphic figures. price 36-0 (Or the game of cards sold separately, price 9-0)

To be found from the same address:
le Petit Oracle des Dames composed of 42 cards, enclosed in a case with instructions. price 3-0
Le Petit Eteilla, composed of 33 cards, enclosed in a case with instructions, and a book of dreams for the lottery. 3-0
[i[L‘Introduction à la fortune, ou l’Art de corriger ses défauts à la loterie; avec les Reves[/], etc. 4-0
The acquisition is published under a notice of a transfer of funds (Mutations de Fonds), implying the acquisition of commercial rights (including e.g. publishing rights).

c. 1820a. 52 card version, plus a blank, of “Jeu divinatoire géographique”, originally a 32 + 1 card deck, which is at http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/...%89trangers%27. The 52 card version is referenced in lot 50 of Cartes a Jouer et Tarots: Collection Claude Guiard, Samedi 5 Novembre 2011, Millon, Maison de ventes aux Encheres, Paris. Some cards are based on illustrations in the 1797-1798 work of St-Sauveur (see entry 1797-1798) according to comments in an auction catalog of Nov. 2011 posted by Kwaw (“figures of folk are inspired by the paintings of the main plates of peoples Europe, Asia, Africa, America ... by Jacques grasset st-savior (Paris, Year VI)”, at http://www.tarotforum.net/showthread...52#post4540263). Cards have on them what appear to be lottery numbers and divinatory expressions. The aces present moral allegories, with designs that overlap with the c. 1790 cards. http://www.tarotforum.net/showpost.p...&postcount=342. This device of having people in folk costumes in a deck with allegorical cards had already been used by Poilly in his Minchiate Francesi (c. 1660), with representatives of the four continents as court cards (see http://www.tarotforum.net/showthread.php?t=249390). The “Amour” of these decks is very similar to that in the Poilly decks (and to other pre-1820 “Amour” cards).

c. 1820b. Card-maker H. Pussey “flourishes”, according to the BM at http://www.britishmuseum.org/researc...x?bioId=159403. The BM has an example from “c. 1820” of a Pussey Petit Etteilla at http://www.britishmuseum.org/researc...tteilla&page=1, showing the suit of clubs. 6 of the 8 cards have the upright Etteilla meanings. 2 are different. No reversed meanings; insteadm the card has an illustration relating to the keyword.

1820a. Robert’s “Nouvel Eteila, ou le Petit Necromancien” listed in March 1820 Bibliographie de la France, 36 cards, 32 plus four “consultant” cards, all with a scene, identical to cards at “c. 1789 or later” entry, but that there are no small images of playing cards in the lower corners.

1820b. Gueffier jeune. rue Bourtebourg no. 12 (?) republishes Etteilla’s Zodiac mysterieux. online at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k622696.r=Etteilla.

1820c. Book Le veritable cartomancie, by Louise Amron, Paris 1820, according to p. 79 of Il Tarocchino di Bologna: Storia, Iconografia, Divinazione, by Andrea Vitali and Terry Zanetti. This last book have a picture from it giving divinatory meanings for the Ace, King, Queen, Jack, 10, 9, 8, and 7 of Diamonds, plus the Consultant card, so a piquet deck plus one, as is the Petit Etteilla. Many of Amron’s divinatory meanings derive from Etteilla's Petit Etteilla, but using Etteilla's reversed meanings and combinatory meanings simply as additional meanings. Other meanings are borrowed from the Grand Etteilla (for courts); some seem not derived form Etteilla. Amazon.fr has this entry: "La Véritable Cartomancie expliquée par la célèbre sibylle française, mise en tableaux par l'héritière de Melle L. Norma, savante cartomancienne du XVIIIe siècle. Nouvelle édition"... Signé Louise Amron. Published 1898. BnF lists only a 1975 reprint.

1823. M. Peytieux, “libraire, passage du Caire, n.121, à Paris”, purchases the rights and remaining stock of Le Petit Oracle des Dames & Le Veritable Etteilla from Gueffier jeune. This firm has been in existence at least since 1798 (https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=...2%2C253&edge=0 , described at http://tarotforum.net/showpost.php?p...&postcount=322 .

1824a. In January Peyteux changes his address to “gallerie Delorme”, a possible connection to a later firm called “Delorme”. http://tarotforum.net/showpost.php?p...&postcount=333 .This post also documents “Mutations des Fonds” between Gueffier and Peyteux.

1824b. Mme. Finet “Nouvel Eteila” printed or reprinted per Depaulis’s personal communication to Kwaw of Dec. 24, 2015, reported at http://tarotforum.net/showthread.php...24#post4547267. However in an 1824 book what is advertised "chez Mme. Finet" is a "Grand Eteila [sic], ou l'art de tirer les cartes", 32 cards, and a "Petit Eteila, ou le Necromancien des dames", 36 cards with allegorical scenes. but no "Nouvel Eteila" as such:: http://www.tarotforum.net/showthread...122602&page=40. See also “c. 1789 or later” entry, above, and c. 1840, below.

1825. In Russia, a 42 card deck similar to the c. 1790 France 66 card deck is produced, of which 41 seem to have survived: https://picasaweb.google.com/1045543...eTelling1825#; also at http://a.trionfi.eu/WWPCM/decks05/d02370/d02370.htm. See comparisons at http://www.tarotforum.net/showthread.php?t=248520, posts 6-9, discussed further in post 10. 38 of the cards are similar to cards in the first 42 of c. 1790, and 2 others are on similar themes as cards in c. 1790. The "Minister" cards are not in the 1825. The deck might be related to Guignard’s second son’s career in Russia, where he fought against Napoleon and married a Russian princess (before 1805), returning to France in 1822 (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armand...e_Saint-Priest).

1826
. Pierre Mongie l’aine (the elder) publishes Etteilla’s tarot deck (Grand Etteilla I) from the original copper plates, but altered to erase the astrological symbols in the corners. To most of the trumps, court cards and Aces, it adds new titles in cursive script, inside the picture frame, of a Masonic or Biblical flavor, such as “Hiram’s Masonry” for card 2 or “Solomon” for card 8. On card 1, instead of “Etteilla” and “Questionnant” it has “L’Homme qui consulte” both top and bottom (Kaplan vol. 2 p. 400f). There is also a book, The art of reading cards and tarots or French, Egyptian, Italian and German Cartomancy. The author, given as “Aldegonde Perenna, Polish sibyl,” is actually Gabrielle de Paban, cousin of editor and collaborator Collin de Plancy. In an introductory essay, de Plancy says that the 1200 pages of Etteilla’s two large volumes contain nothing but astrological fantasies; the present work, by contrast, is at least clear. Its section on “Egyptian tarots” was reprinted numerous times by Grimaud to accompany its reprints of Etteilla’s deck (DDD pp. 144-147). Its 1969 deck, which showed keywords in both English and French, offered an English translation of this booklet, 118 pp.

1827.
Gueffier jeune is still listed as selling the Grand Etteilla, consisting of several volumes and deck for 36fr, or 9fr for the cards alone (http://www.tarotforum.net/showpost.p...&postcount=320), but this is the last year found for either Gueffier jeune or Peytieux.
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