Aeclectic Tarot
Tarot Cards & Reviews Free Tarot Readings Tarot Books Tarot Card Meanings Forum Archive

Earliest Playing Cards

  > Aeclectic Tarot Forum > Tarot Special Interest > Tarot History & Development


 
Teheuti's Avatar
Teheuti  Teheuti is offline
Resident
 
Join Date: 24 Aug 2003
Location: Northern California
Posts: 5,539
Teheuti 
Resident

Teheuti's Avatar

Here's a Renaissance drawing of men playing cards that I found on the Bodleian site, titled "Drawings with verses on the subject of death and judgment". Unfortunately there is no date. Michael Hurst should especially find it interesting for his Dance of Death theory. It seems to be a depiction of a series of vices. The clothes seem to place it at the court of Henry VIII or is it more Elizabethan?
http://bodley30.bodley.ox.ac.uk:8180...8~8&mi=5&trs=6

Need answers now? Get 50% off your first live Tarot session!     Top   #31
Teheuti's Avatar
Teheuti  Teheuti is offline
Resident
 
Join Date: 24 Aug 2003
Location: Northern California
Posts: 5,539
Teheuti 
Resident

Teheuti's Avatar

Here's a link to Huck's response to my question regarding the "earliest picture" of playing cards in the Roman du Roy Meliadus de Leonnoys. It seems to set c. 1352 as one of the earliest references to playing cards in Europe.
http://www.tarotforum.net/showpost.p...&postcount=175
Need answers now? Get 50% off your first live Tarot session!     Top   #32
Huck  Huck is offline
Citizen
 
Join Date: 02 Jul 2003
Location: Germany
Posts: 2,682
Huck 
Citizen

Quote:
Originally Posted by Teheuti
Here's a Renaissance drawing of men playing cards that I found on the Bodleian site, titled "Drawings with verses on the subject of death and judgment". Unfortunately there is no date. Michael Hurst should especially find it interesting for his Dance of Death theory. It seems to be a depiction of a series of vices. The clothes seem to place it at the court of Henry VIII or is it more Elizabethan?
Hm ..
The description to the picture says playing cards (for the 3rd line), but I see only dice.
Need answers now? Get 50% off your first live Tarot session!     Top   #33
Teheuti's Avatar
Teheuti  Teheuti is offline
Resident
 
Join Date: 24 Aug 2003
Location: Northern California
Posts: 5,539
Teheuti 
Resident

Teheuti's Avatar

Quote:
Originally Posted by Huck
Hm ..
The description to the picture says playing cards (for the 3rd line), but I see only dice.
I enlarged the picture and it looks to me like two cards (about the size of the person's hand) and behind them on the table are some coins. If they are dice, they are awfully big - but they could be.
Need answers now? Get 50% off your first live Tarot session!     Top   #34
Bernice's Avatar
Bernice  Bernice is offline
Denizen of the Coalsack Nebula
 
Join Date: 07 Dec 2007
Location: Central England
Posts: 3,901
Bernice 
Denizen of the Coalsack Nebula

Bernice's Avatar

Quote:
The clothes seem to place it at the court of Henry VIII or is it more Elizabethan?
I think maybe Elizabethan because of the necks ruffs.


Bee
Need answers now? Get 50% off your first live Tarot session!     Top   #35
Huck  Huck is offline
Citizen
 
Join Date: 02 Jul 2003
Location: Germany
Posts: 2,682
Huck 
Citizen

hi Mary ...

... long ago. I found to MS Tanner 118 (Manuscript name given at the link for the picture ...

Quote:
MS Tanner 118
A folio miscellany of religious verse and prose, partly compiled by Alexander Colepeper and passed on to his son Thomas, 166 leaves. c.1600.

ff. 44r-53r

• SoR 267.3: Robert Southwell, S.J., Catholic Saint, A Foure-fold Meditation: of the foure last things (‘O wretched man, which louest earthlie thinges’)

Copy, lacking a leaf after f. 46v (for which see SoR 267.2).

First published, as ‘By R: S. The author of S. Peters complaint’, in London, 1606. The poem is more commonly ascribed to Philip Howard (1557-95), first Earl of Arundel, Catholic Saint, with whom Southwell was acquainted (see McDonald, pp. 6-7, 121-2). EV17760.
The date is rather late for our interest, c. 1600.

I think, that these men play dice ...



... but possibly these are cards on the table (though it's doubtful)

Need answers now? Get 50% off your first live Tarot session!     Top   #36
Teheuti's Avatar
Teheuti  Teheuti is offline
Resident
 
Join Date: 24 Aug 2003
Location: Northern California
Posts: 5,539
Teheuti 
Resident

Teheuti's Avatar

Thanks, Huck.

Cards and wooing or flirting certainly seem to go together.
Need answers now? Get 50% off your first live Tarot session!     Top   #37
Huck  Huck is offline
Citizen
 
Join Date: 02 Jul 2003
Location: Germany
Posts: 2,682
Huck 
Citizen

Maybe the whole picture tells a story ...

1st picture line: amusement with the Ladies (allowed)
2nd picture line: amusement with hunting (allowed)

3rd picture line:
left: amusement with dice-gambling (not allowed) ... captured by an official (the fourth man)
right: Three man at the table of a man with much money at the table (visit a lawyer ? or a money-lender ?)

4th picture:
left: looks like another payment to a man with a sword (Justice ?)
right: persons with less noble clothes (now poor ?) meet another man (their master ?), and it looks as if they have to explain something
Need answers now? Get 50% off your first live Tarot session!     Top   #38
variantventures  variantventures is offline
Resident
 
Join Date: 19 Apr 2014
Location: Colorado, United States
Posts: 42
variantventures 
Resident

The earliest playing card of which I am aware is the de Unger fragment. This piece is dated to the 13th Century (but the dating is far from precise) and is very strongly related to the Mamluk deck in the Topkapi Museum. It's currently in the Kier Collection which is in the process of being transferred from Berlin to Dallas. I'm communicating with the museum about the possibility of viewing and/or photographing the fragment.

You can see more information about it here and here

So far as playing cards in Europe, the evidence seems strongly indicative of cards having entered Europe (first in Italy, then in Spain) from the Islamic world sometime in the last quarter of the 14th Century. While it would be nice to date the entry from earlier, the evidence supporting such a supposition has all been very weak.
Need answers now? Get 50% off your first live Tarot session!     Top   #39
Huck  Huck is offline
Citizen
 
Join Date: 02 Jul 2003
Location: Germany
Posts: 2,682
Huck 
Citizen

Quote:
Originally Posted by variantventures View Post
The earliest playing card of which I am aware is the de Unger fragment. This piece is dated to the 13th Century (but the dating is far from precise) and is very strongly related to the Mamluk deck in the Topkapi Museum. It's currently in the Kier Collection which is in the process of being transferred from Berlin to Dallas. I'm communicating with the museum about the possibility of viewing and/or photographing the fragment.

You can see more information about it here and here

So far as playing cards in Europe, the evidence seems strongly indicative of cards having entered Europe (first in Italy, then in Spain) from the Islamic world sometime in the last quarter of the 14th Century. While it would be nice to date the entry from earlier, the evidence supporting such a supposition has all been very weak.
Frank Jensen once reported this ...


http://www.manteia-online.dk/deckreviews/dr002.htm

Quote:
In 1970 another discovery took place. A Collector of Islamic art, Dr. Edmond de Unger, came across papers from the collection of a Mr. Jean Pozzi. Among the papers was one small piece, that proved to be a fragment of a small playing card, being a little more than half of the full card. This fragment is from the suit of cups, and it appears to be the four of cups. The card is remarkably smaller than the Mamluk cards and the remains of the decoration shows, that it is much simpler and sparser than the former cards. Despite the fragmentary condition experts in Islamic art were able to date this card of being late 12th century or early 13th century, and due to details in the decoration, late 12th century seems most likely.
... possibly based on this by Ettinghausen in the early 1970s.
https://books.google.de/books?id=8s4...amluks&f=false

... which looks rather optimistic with the date of the cards (""One might, therefore, with due caution assume a 12th century date ...")

I remember, that I saw more humble web discussions with "14th century" and with notes about modern dating technologies, which were used. Also I remember a note, that the card was found in Spain (if both was right or not, I can't say, also I forgot, where I've seen that ... the discussion seems to have been in the 1990s).

Do you know the latest state in this discussion?

If one looks at the plausible assumption, that Mongols conquered China, learned there to know about playing cards, and exported some of them to the West in direction to Europe, then we have a war between Mongols and Mamluks 1260-1324, and after this some peace.

Genova was invited to have a trading station at Caffa by the Mongols, I think as early as 1257. Twice they were seriously attacked there, but generally the way of playing cards to Europe looks more normal than some trade to the Mamluks.

Some late 13th century crusaders cooperated with the Mongols. Indeed I found two notes about playing card prohibitions by crusaders from the German knight orders, one from 1309/10 in the Preußische Landesorder caused by Hochmeister Siegfried von Feuchtwangen and another one from Hochmeister Werner von Orseln (1324-30) in statutes.
The direct references are from a later period, and both documents are suspected to be either part of a forgery or not correctly recorded. They are no case "sure evidence". Nonetheless, something might have been there. Some German knights died in Acre 1291, and Templars were still ready to cooperate with the Mongols in 1302/03 on Cyprus and on a very small island Ruad.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fall_of_Ruad

The Templars were accused 1307 and the German knights also got under suspicion and juristic attacks, but moved their capital from Akkon first to Venice (1291) and then to Marienburg (1309), where it was difficult to use power against them. And then, according to the possibly forged preußische Landesordnung, they prohibited playing card use in gambling context.

There are other early notes of card playing in the Eastern part of Germany and in Bohemia (more or less all without totally sure evidence). Most are from Friedrich Ludwig Hübsch (wrote 1849), who states, that there was secure evidence for playing cards in 1340 in Bohemia and in the capital Prague, but that cards were imported from Nuremberg till 1354, when Prague got an own card producer called Jonathan Kraysel from Nuremberg.

In Nuremberg there was a big Deutschordenskommende ...


http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deutsch..._N%C3%BCrnberg

... since 1209 as a gift of King Otto IV.

Charles IV, when attempting the revolution (he declared himself as emperor) against emperor Ludwig the Bavarian (1346), had a strong helper in Nuremberg by Bertold of Zollern (brother of the mighty Burggraf Johann I. and Komtur of the Ballei Franken 1445-1449, a very high position in the knight order and the Ballei Franken was one of the biggest institutions). Without being a cleric he got the title bishop of Eichstädt in 1351.


http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berthold_von_Zollern

Charles IV used Nuremberg then as a second capital - after Prague. Both cities prospered in the following decades.
Need answers now? Get 50% off your first live Tarot session!     Top   #40


 


Tarot Cards & Reviews Free Tarot Readings Tarot Books Tarot Card Meanings Forum Archive
Aeclectic Tarot Forum Links
· Tarot
· Tarot Special Interest
· Beyond Tarot
· Forum Library

Aeclectic Tarot Categories
· Angel Decks
· Dark & Gothic Decks
· Goddess Decks
· Fairy Decks
· Doreen Virtue Decks
· Beginner Decks
· Cat Decks
· Pagan & Wiccan Decks
· Ancient Egyptian Decks
· Celtic Decks
· Lenormand Decks
· Rider-Waite Decks
· Marseilles Decks
· Thoth Decks
· Oracle Decks
· List All Decks
· Popular Tarot Decks
· Available Decks
· Tarot Books
· What's New

Copyright © 1996 - 2017 Aeclectic Tarot. All rights reserved. Privacy Policy. Contact us.