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Huck 
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Collection Online-Resources


I would suggest to establish here a collection of links to online resources (texts to playing cards and Tarot history; especially to books.google.com).
Perhaps in this manner:

Carl Heinrich von Heinecken

* http://autorbis.net/tarot/biography/...heinecken.html
*
Short text in 1768 about playing cards in
Idée générale d'une collection complette d'estampes: Avec une dissertation sur l'origine de la Gravure & sur les premiers Livres d'Images (1768), p. 237,
http://books.google.com/books?id=aVr...ource=bookclip
*
Neue Nachrichten von Künstlern und Kunstsachen. 1. Theil (? 1768 od. 1786), p. 134
http://books.google.com/books?id=Igg...ource=bookclip
*
Much material:
http://www.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/heli...heinecken.html



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Ross G Caldwell 
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18th century historiography of playing cards


Thanks to Google Books and Gallica, just about everything needed for the study of 18th century writers on playing cards is available online. Unfortunately, you have to read French and Italian, but I'm going to translate all of these and make them available to English readers on the web.

It is important to study these old writers. With them, you can often see the origin of legends that grow and become dispelled over time - or not. More importantly, they often tell anecdotes and make asides that with careful and gentle consideration might open a window on the world in which they wrote their ideas about playing cards.

1704.
Claude-François MENESTRIER (1631-1705), "Bibliothèque curieuse et instructive"
http://books.google.fr/books?id=7dcF...Bjouer#PPP9,M1
pp. 168-195
Menestrier’s brief remarks and anecdotes are often considered the first attempt at the history of playing cards. He considered playing cards to have been invented 300 years before, in France, to keep Charles VI occupied during his madness; he believed that the Germans were the first to print cards (as opposed to painted ones like Gringonneur's for Charles VI), since they invented woodcut impressions. He also thought that the Germans invented tarot cards, and that Italy was the last place in Europe to have playing cards.

[1720-1838
Jean-Michel Constant LEBER (1780-1859) “ Collection of the best dissertations, notices, and monographs relating to the history of France”, published in 1838, contains the essays of Daniel, Beneton de Peyrins, Bullet and Rive between 1720 and 1779, including his own comments in 1838, as well as essays between the reproduced articles.
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k935060 ]

1720.
Gabriel DANIEL (1649-1728), “Origine du jeu de piquet trouvée dans l'histoire de France »
(in Leber 1838 pp. 247-265)
Original publication in the « Journal de Trévoux », also known as « Memoires pour l’histoire des sciences & des beaux arts », May 1720 (volume 20) pp. 934-968 (in the PDF, pp. 231-240)
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k935060

1738.
Etienne Claude BENETON de Morange DE PEYRINS (1669-1752), “Dissertation sur l’origine des jeux de hazard”
(in Leber 1838 pp. 201-219)
This essay is not cited anywhere that I have read, but this author may be the first historian to assert that playing cards were invented by the Chinese (page 216), and that the Romans used these, and “joined to them other figures bearing images of some of their principal gods, Emperors and Empresses, showing them on triumphal chariots…” Beneton de Peyrins is thus earlier than Court de Gébelin in speculating on tarot’s origin – according to him, it was Roman.

1757.
Jean-Baptiste BULLET (1699-1775), “Recherches historiques sur les cartes à jouer »
(in Leber 1838 pp. 266-361)
A study frequently cited in the 19th century.

1771.
Karl-Heinrich von HEINECKEN (1706-1791) « Idée générale d'une collection complette d'estampes », pp. 239-245
http://books.google.fr/books?id=aVr1...binet#PPP11,M1
Asserted that playing cards were invented in Germany, and were the first printed objects.

1774.
Saverio BETTINELLI (1718-1808), "Il giuoco delle carte"
http://books.google.fr/books?id=m5IB...jGYF#PPA241,M1
pp. 241-302
A poem, not a history, but he introduced the novel idea of the Italian origin of playing cards (Canto II, vv. XXXV-XXXVI), for which he was often cited in the subsequent literature.

1779.
Jean-Joseph RIVE (1730-1791), “Eclaircissements historiques et critiques sur l'invention des cartes à jouer".
(in Leber 1838 pp. 362-384)
A correspondent and perhaps friend of Court de Gébelin, Rive is cited in the former’s 1781 essay, and seems to have been his major source for the history and lore of tarot cards.

1781.
Antoine COURT DE GEBELIN (1719-1784), "Du jeu des Tarots" in "Le Monde Primitif", vol. VIII, pp. 365-394
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k1087220
(all of the volumes of « Le Monde Primitif » are at gallica.bnf.fr )

1781.
Louis-Raphaël-Lucrèce DE MELLET (presumed) (1727-1804), "Recherches sur les Tarots" in "Le Monde Primitif", vol. VIII, pp. 394-410
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k1087220

1784.
Johann-Gottlob-Immanuel BREITKOPF (1719-1794), "Versuch den Ursprung der Spielkarten”.
The most important study of the 18th century. Not available on the internet.

Ross



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Last edited by Ross G Caldwell; 03-12-2007 at 01:47.
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Mercurial 
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Ross, those articles look very interesting (to my limited french from college). I look forward to reading your translations.
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Huck 
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http://autorbis.net/tarot/biography/...er-singer.html
Samuel Weller Singer
http://books.google.com/books?id=ZTM...as_brr=1&hl=fr
Researches Into the History of Playing Cards With Illustrations of the Origin ... (1816)

http://autorbis.net/tarot/biography/...t-gabriel.html
Gabriel Peignot
http://books.google.com/books?id=rc0FAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA93&dq=%22danse+macabre% 22&as_brr=1&hl=fr#PPP5,M1">Recherches historiques et littéraires sur les danses des morts et sur l'origine des cartes à jouer, (1826, 367 pages)
http://books.google.com/books?id=rc0FAAAAQAAJ&pg=PR5&dq=%22danse+macabre%2 2&as_brr=1&hl=fr#PRA1-PA199,M1">the same, p. 199, start of playing card section
with details of P. Menestrier (p. 203), P. Daniel (p. 205), Bullet (p. 209), Baron von Heineken (p. 215), Bettinelli (p. 219), Rive (p. 220), Court de Gebelin (p. 227), Breitkopf (p. 239), Jansen (p. 256), Ottley (p. 266), M. Singer (p. 269)

http://autorbis.net/tarot/biography/...cicognara.html
Count Leopoldo Cicognara
http://books.google.com/books?id=QG4EAAAAYAAJ&d
Memorie spettanti alla storia della calcografia, (1831)
http://books.google.com/books?id=QG4...AAJ&pg=RA1-PA5
the same, start of the playing card section, p. 115

http://autorbis.net/tarot/biography/...rs/chatto.html
William Andrew Chatto
http://books.google.com/books?id=y99...arten&as_brr=1
Facts and Speculations on the Origin and History of Playing Cards (1848, 343 pages)

J.C. Schultz Jacobi
http://books.google.com/books?id=txI...&hl=fr#PPA1,M1
Nederlandsche Doodendans (1850, 36 pages) - concerns the Flooskaartjes, presents these cards and 4 Aluette cards of 1570 (as reproductions)
see also:
http://trionfi.com/0/p/87/



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Huck 
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Matteo Maria Boiardo /Ariost / Orlando

10 Books to the Boiardo/Ariost/Orlando questions, all from Antonio Panizzi (1830 - 1834):

http://books.google.com/books?q=edit...d=Nn4XAAAAMAAJ

About the author
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Panizzi
He was rather important for the restoration of the Boiardo texts and worked as "a prince of the librarians" also for the British library


Stories from the Italian Poets: With Lives of the Writers (about Pulci, Boiardo, Ariost and others)
By Leigh Hunt (1846)

http://books.google.com/books?id=eFQ...AAJ&dq=boiardo

Annali della citta Bologna
http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=d...as_brr=1&hl=de



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Huck 
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Court de Gebelin - French-English translation with passage to passage

http://books.google.com/books?id=Brf...8ivnM#PPA27,M1



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A Medieval Mirror
Wilson, Adrian, and Joyce Lancaster Wilson. A Medieval Mirror. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1984 1984. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft7v19p1w6/

Renaissance Festival Books
http://www.bl.uk/treasures/festivalbooks/homepage.html

Van Vleck, Amelia E. Memory and Re-Creation in Troubadour Lyric.
Berkeley: University of California Press, c1991.
http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft358004pc/

Sherman, Claire Richter. Imagining Aristotle: Verbal and Visual
Representation in Fourteenth-Century France. Berkeley: University of
California Press, c1995 1995.
http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft4m3nb2n4/



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Last edited by kwaw; 13-04-2008 at 09:27.
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kwaw 
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Online Scholarship Editions:


Quote:
Originally Posted by kwaw
A Medieval Mirror
Wilson, Adrian, and Joyce Lancaster Wilson. A Medieval Mirror. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1984 1984. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft7v19p1w6/

Van Vleck, Amelia E. Memory and Re-Creation in Troubadour Lyric.
Berkeley: University of California Press, c1991.
http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft358004pc/

Sherman, Claire Richter. Imagining Aristotle: Verbal and Visual
Representation in Fourteenth-Century France. Berkeley: University of
California Press, c1995 1995.
http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft4m3nb2n4/
Some others from Scholarship editions that may be of interest:

Bak, János M., editor Coronations: Medieval and Early Modern Monarchic Ritual. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1990 1990. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft367nb2f3/

Ruderman, David B., editor Preachers of the Italian Ghetto. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1992 1992. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft829008np/

Ross, Charles. The Custom of the Castle: From Malory to Macbeth. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1997 1997. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft3r29n8qn/

Delany, Sheila. The Naked Text: Chaucer's Legend of Good Women. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1994 1994. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft9h4nb69s/

Shuger, Debora Kuller. The Renaissance Bible: Scholarship, Sacrifice, and Subjectivity. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1994 1994. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft796nb4h0/

Chazan, Robert. Daggers of Faith: Thirteenth-Century Christian Missionizing and Jewish Response. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1991 1991. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft0w1003jg/

Blum, Pamela Z. Early Gothic Saint-Denis: Restorations and Survivals. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft5h4nb330/

Koortbojian, Michael. Myth, Meaning, and Memory on Roman Sarcophagi. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1995 1995. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft4199n900/

Scaglione, Aldo. Knights at Court: Courtliness, Chivalry, and Courtesy from Ottonian Germany to the Italian Renaissance. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1991 1991. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft4j49p00c/

Martin, Adrienne Laskier. Cervantes and the Burlesque Sonnet. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1991 1991. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft4870069m/

Neuse, Richard. Chaucer's Dante: Allegory and Epic Theater in The Canterbury Tales. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1991 1991. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft1f59n7bw/

Feldman, Martha. City Culture and the Madrigal at Venice. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1995 1995. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft238nb1nr/

Navarrete, Ignacio. Orphans of Petrarch: Poetry and Theory in the Spanish Renaissance. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1994 1994. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft30000518/

Sawyer, Jeffrey K. Printed Poison: Pamphlet Propaganda, Faction Politics, and the Public Sphere in Early Seventeenth-Century France. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1990 1990. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft7f59p1db/

Kinser, Samuel. Rabelais's Carnival: Text, Context, Metatext. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1990 1990. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft596nb3q0/

Watson, Robert N. The Rest Is Silence: Death as Annihilation in the English Renaissance. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1994 1994. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft7m3nb4n1/

Hedeman, Anne D. The Royal Image: Illustrations of the Grandes Chroniques de France, 1274-1422. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1991 1991. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft8k4008jd/

Rosenmeyer, Thomas G. Senecan Drama and Stoic Cosmology. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1989 1989. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft7489p15r/

Slade, Carole. St. Teresa of Avila: Author of a Heroic Life. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1995 1995. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft5b69p02d/

This is just a small personal selection, the site is worth searching it has several hundred online books available to the public across a wide range of subjects.



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Essay of cards in Cary-Yale collections


http://beinecke.library.yale.edu/car...yEssaysWeb.htm

I thought this might help when you are using the search engine...

http://www.library.yale.edu/beinecke/

I know we find card scans of the Visconti, paintings by Pamela Colman Smith, etc., online there...so perhaps the essay above with descriptive information can assist in search terms.

Best wishes,

Cerulean



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Some 18th century (and early 19th century) German articles on playing card history -

1769. Heinecken, discussion of cards in context of early woodcuts, in
"Nachrichten von Künstlern und Kunst-Sachen" 2 Th. (1769), pp. 87-116 and ff.
http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/dig...ecken1769/0127

1776. Christoph-Gottlieb von Murr, "Ursprung der Karten", in
Journal zur Kunstgeschichte und zur allgemeinen Litteratur, 2 Th., pp. 89-124
http://www.ub.uni-bielefeld.de/digli...journkunst.htm

1782. German review of Court de Gébelin's tarot theory -
"Ueber den Ursprung und die Bedeutung der Tarok-Charten"
in
Göttingisches Magazin der Wissenschaften und Litteratur, 2 Jg. 5 St. (1782) pp. 348-377
http://www.ub.uni-bielefeld.de/digli...g/goettmag.htm

1808. F. Nicolai, "Einige Vemerkungen über das Tarockspiel, und über die erste Erfindung des Kartenspiels überhaupt."
in
Neue Berlinische Monatschrit, 1808 (1), pp. 65-106
http://www.ub.uni-bielefeld.de/digli...on/berlmon.htm

Ross



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